Someone asked this question last week when I posted my “back to basics” vSphere Replication blog. I guess protecting vCenter Server isn’t too difficult but how about recovering it after a failure?
Those who have used vSphere Replication know that you need vCenter Server to click “Recover”. In a dual vCenter Server configuration that is not a problem. But what if you just want to protect your vCenter Server virtual machine and replicate it to a second piece of storage. I tested this and then “killed” my vCenter Server. How do I get my vCenter Server up and running again from this replica?
Let me start by saying that this is unsupported as far as I know. So lets start by checking the folder in which the replica of the vCenter Server resides:
8.5K Sep 21 09:46 hbrcfg.GID-d69c6cad-42a5-474a-86c4-c3158d1a3b42.6.nvram.18 3.4K Sep 21 09:46 hbrcfg.GID-d69c6cad-42a5-474a-86c4-c3158d1a3b42.6.vmx.16 267 Sep 21 09:46 hbrcfg.GID-d69c6cad-42a5-474a-86c4-c3158d1a3b42.6.vmxf.17 124.0K Sep 21 09:46 hbrdisk.RDID-9786ae39-cd3a-4773-be63-cd1bc3641d59.14.175750085646519-delta.vmdk 379 Sep 21 09:46 hbrdisk.RDID-9786ae39-cd3a-4773-be63-cd1bc3641d59.14.175750085646519.vmdk 52.0K Sep 21 09:46 hbrdisk.RDID-ae17cfad-c8d8-460c-99a1-8f26ff1133b9.13.43820857661344-delta.vmdk 375 Sep 21 09:46 hbrdisk.RDID-ae17cfad-c8d8-460c-99a1-8f26ff1133b9.13.43820857661344.vmdk 4.1K Sep 21 09:46 hbrgrp.GID-d69c6cad-42a5-474a-86c4-c3158d1a3b42.txt 25.0G Sep 21 09:46 vcenter-tm01-flat.vmdk 473 Sep 21 09:46 vcenter-tm01.vmdk 60.0G Sep 21 09:46 vcenter-tm01_1-flat.vmdk 476 Sep 21 09:46 vcenter-tm01_1.vmdk
As you can see the folder contains a lot of files we are familiar with… Especially the vmdk files and the vmx files is something we can work with. So how would we get this vcenter up and running. Lets look at the vmxf file first as that will reveal the original name of the vmx file:
Next I am going to copy the “.nvram”, “.vmx” and “.vmxf” file and give them the name “vcenter-tm01.nvram” etc.
cp hbrcfg.GID-d69c6cad-42a5-474a-86c4-c3158d1a3b42.6.vmxf.17 vcenter-t vcenter-tmp.vmxf
So now I have all the files I need with the right name… Next I will first “unregister” the original vCenter Server virtual machine… just to avoid any weird issues. I list all the virtual machines registered against this host first:
Now that I have the “vmid” I can unregister the original virtual machine:
vim-cmd /vmsvc/unregister <vmid>
Now that the original virtual machine is removed unregistered from the host, I should be able to register the “new” vCenter Server virtual machine… aka the replica.
vim-cmd /solo/register /vmfs/volumes/4f228789-84f6b84c-e17e-984be1047b16/vcenter-tm01/vcenter-tm01.vmx
Lets break that one down just to be clear:
vim-cmd /solo/register /path/to/vmxfile/filename.vmx
This command will return the “vmid” of the virtual machine we just registered. Now we can power it on…
Now it sits there for a while, and when I log in with the vSphere Client and check the host it is running on I see this message that says “the virtual machine might have been moved or copied…”, I answer it by saying that is was copied and now the vCenter virtual machine boots up and I can login again. Yes there is an orphaned vCenter Server instance there, and you will need to clean that up… also there might be some obsolete files in the folder of this replica, and you might want to clean those up as well. Anyway, the vCenter Server virtual machine is up and running again, and that was the goal of this exercise right